Topic 1: Illegal Wildlife Trade

Topic 2: Ocean Warming


Difficulty Level: Standard

Countries: China, India, Mongolia, Brazil, Netherlands, Ecuador, Thailand, South Korea, Japan, Bangladesh, Peru, Philippines, Suriname, Venezuela, Bolivia, Indonesia, Vietnam, South Africa, Malaysia, Myanmar, Sweden, United Kingdom, Germany, Kenya, United States of America, Guyana, Egypt, Colombia, Denmark

Topic 1:  Illegal Wildlife Trade

Illegal Wildlife Trade is a well-known danger to biodiversity. Still, many countries are having difficulties in tackling and stopping it, which remains an urgent global issue. It contributes to dramatic declines in the populations of many protected species, found across all continents, from elephants, rhinos, grey parrots and pangolins to sturgeon and rosewood, as well as increasing the number of endangered species. This means that global biodiversity is in a constant threat due to high demand for illegal flora and fauna products, which spans multiple species and market drivers, and these pressures on wildlife populations are additional to, but not limited to, other pressures such as increasing human populations, change of land-use, pollution and changing environmental conditions. The illegal wildlife trade is often a highly organised, sophisticated criminal activity that is taking place on an industrial scale.


Topic 2: Ocean Warming

Oceans are an essential component of the Earth’s ecosystem, and healthy oceans are critical to sustaining a healthy planet. Two out of every five people live relatively close to a shore, and three out of seven depend on marine and coastal resources to survive. Our oceans regulate the climate and process nutrients through natural cycles while providing a wide range of services, including natural resources, food and jobs that benefit billions of people. Given how critical oceans are to the health of our planet and the prosperity of people, they are an essential element for sustainable development.