Topic 1: Child Marriage and FGM - Increasing Girls’ and Women’s Opportunities in Life

Topic 2: Women in the Workforce: Economic Empowerment 


Difficulty Level: Standard

Countries: Albania, Algeria, Bahrain, Belgium, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, Colombia, Comoros, Congo, Ecuador, Equatorial Guinea, Eritrea, Estonia, Ghana, Guatemala, Haiti, Iraq, Iran (Islamic Republic of), Ireland, Israel, Japan, Kenya, Kuwait, Liberia, Liechtenstein, Malawi, Mongolia, Namibia, Nicaragua, Niger, Nigeria, Norway, Peru, Qatar, Republic of Korea, Russian Federation, Saudi Arabia, Spain, Trinidad and Tobago, Tunisia, Turkmenistan, United Kingdom

Topic 1: Child Marriage and FGM - Increasing Girls’ and Women’s Opportunities in Life


Women are still widely considered inferior to men. This division is strengthened in many regions through practices such as child marriage and female genital mutilation. These customs concern hundreds of millions of women around the world and are old-fashioned and upheld by mostly ancient cultural beliefs. They call for strong, top-down actions in addition to the crucial bottom-up work, which is not yet sufficient either. 


There are severe socio-cultural as well as structural issues that help preserve these practices. To tackle these, there is an urgent need for cross-cultural cooperation and the involvement of international organizations. How could the UN contribute even more regarding this matter? How should the countries address the issue concerning the age of consent? What could be done within the countries themselves when it comes to for example legislative or structural means? 


Eradicating these problems is crucial to the freeing of all the potential women and girls have to offer and the development of attitudes and societies worldwide. These practices are against fundamental human rights, which is not acceptable in today’s society. 



Topic 2: Women in the Workforce - Economic Empowerment 


Nations are said to lose economically when excluding women from the workforce. Studies show that economies would benefit significantly if they allowed women to work and thus harvested all the valuable potential they have to offer.


However, there are still crucial restrictions when it comes to getting women to paid labor and keeping them there; several laws are not ensuring a safe and rewarding workplace for women. Laws that restrict women from handling their own assets or that don't illegalize sexual harassment at the workplace strengthen discrimination against women as well as fail to contribute to an equal working environment and the growth of the economy. What could the UN, as an international organization, do to tackle the issue and encourage women towards labor and entrepreneurship? What is the role of the countries in question? Is it a problem more related to the structural and legal framework or perhaps of a cultural one in nature?


Fixing this critical issue would contribute greatly to the self-determination of women worldwide and help the progress of making the world economy more equal.